Bibi Khanum Mosque, Samarqand, Uzbekistan

Patterns of square kufic from the Bibi Khanum Mosque at Samarqand, built 1394-1404. Timurís Bibi Khanum Mosque was built to impress with a height of 44 meters. However the building techniques of the time where pushed to the limit which meant that the building began to crumble before it was completed. The building sustained extensive damage from an earthquake in 1897.

Iwan pattern

Bibi Khanum Mosque

The script in the pattern represents parts of the third Kalima.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

سبحان الله

subhan Allah

Bibi Khanum Mosque

و الحمد لله

wal hamdu lillahi

Bibi Khanum Mosque

و لآ اله الا الله و الله اكبر

wa la illaha il Allah, wallahu Akbar

Wall pattern 1

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

يا رحمن

ya Rahman

Wall pattern 2

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

الله

Allah

Bibi Khanum Mosque

احد

Ahad

Wall pattern 3

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

الله

Allah

Bibi Khanum Mosque

احد

Ahad

Wall pattern 4

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

الله اكبر

Allah akhbar

Wall pattern 5

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

محمد

Muhammad

Wall pattern 6

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

الله اكبر

Allah akhbar

Bibi Khanum Mosque

علي

Ali

Wall pattern 7

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Ahmad Yasawi Mausoleum wall pattern

الله ربي محمد نبي

Allah rabbi, Muhammad nabi

Wall pattern 8

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

سبحان الله

subhan Allah

Wall pattern 9

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

يا كريم

ya Karim

Bibi Khanum Mosque

يا عزيز

ya Aziz

Wall pattern 10

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

الله يا كريم يا عظيم

Allah, ya Karim, ya Azim

Wall pattern 11

Bibi Khanum Mosque

Transliteration of the kufic in the pattern.

Bibi Khanum Mosque

سبحان الله و الحمد لله

subhan Allah wal hamdu lillahi

Bibi Khanum Mosque

الله

Allah

Bibi Khanum Mosque

اكبر

akhbar

References

ArchNet - Bibi Khanum Mosque